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Glam Up Your Living Spaces with Handmade Afghan Tribal Rugs

Inspired by the art of ancient cultures, Afghan tribal rugs create a welcoming environment inside your home. They can be the perfect centerpiece for your living room or can be integrated with other elements of the décor to enhance the appeal. At QALEEN, we offer a wide range of beautiful Afghan tribal rugs made by the skilled nomad tribes of Afghanistan. They are woven from quality fibers and go well with both contemporary rugs and traditional spaces. So wait no more and start exploring our category of Afghan tribal rugs to choose from.


Some Fascinating Facts about Afghan Tribal Rugs

Afghan tribal rugs are counted among popular tribal handmade rugs in the world.

They are traditionally made in Afghanistan. Some of the Afghan rugs are woven by Afghan refugees settled in Pakistan. Afghani tribes like the Pashtuns, the Tajiks, the Uzbeks, and the Hazaras have been weaving the rugs for thousands of years. 

Afghani rugs display a wonderful confluence of diverse cultures across Central Asia, thanks to the spree of invasion and trade.

It has transformed the appearance and materials of Afghani carpets over the years. For example, the war rug tradition was triggered by the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan from 1979. It prompted the rug makers to incorporate the apparatus of war into their designs.

Handmade Paksitani Rugs have been deeply rooted in the Afghani culture. It is one of the dowry items carried by a bride while moving to her in-laws. A pentagonal knotted rug is used to flank the bride’s camel. The women of Afghani tribes were mostly employed in carpet making. It took almost a year to make a full-size suzani rugs. If a large tribe defeated a smaller one, the surrendered tribe was forced to prevent knotting main carpets with their göl or to stop weaving main carpets altogether.

Afghan rug has been the winner of international awards held every year in Hamburg, Germany in 2008, 2013 and 2014.

Identifying the Hallmarks of Afghan Tribal Rugs

Afghan carpets feature geometric patterns, tribal symbols, and extensive details. They have similar patterns with Persian rugs.

Afghanistan is one of the few places that still use vegetable and natural dye in the rug weaving process. The use of vegetable dye is more common among the tribal rugs, particularly some Balochi Afghan rugs. Here we have rounded up the major Afghan tribal rug types, color, material, and size. 

Types of Afghan Tribal Rugs

The Shindand or Adraskan Rugs:

Shindabad is one of the famous Afghan oriental carpets and is woven in the Herat Province. Their hallmark is the stretched human and animal figures being incorporated in the design.

The Baluchi Rugs:

They are weaved by Afghanistan’s Baloch people in the south-western part of the nation. Baluchistan encompasses the western third of Afghanistan, Eastern Iran and more than a third of the area of Pakistan. Baluchi carpets are known for their small size and look like a prayer carpet. They are generally loosely woven and feature multi-color pallet.

Mushwani or Mushvani Rugs:

Mushwani, Mushvani, or Mashwani rugs are made by the Mushwani tribe resided in the south of Heart near Shindand. They are the only Pashtun tribe that is known for weaving pile carpets. Their rugs are unique, as they weave a kilim and pile mix which is sometimes termed as “embossed” or a compound weave. Most of their rugs are small and square with geometric designs.

Herati Rugs:

Herat was the epicenter of art, architecture, and intelligentsia of the Islamic world during the 15th century. Herat is still known as a center of traditional artistic skills. The Herat rugs are weaved by the Turkmen belonging from the tribes like Yomud, Ersari, and Tekke. Herati rugs feature traditional patterns and the hues of red. These rugs are also known as Mori that means central design and quality.


Afghan tribal rugs are generally made of the materials that are at the nomads’ disposal.

For example, they obtain wool from their sheep which is used in the warp and weft and pile as well. Some tribes use goat hair for the sides. Camel's hair is a popular option for the field areas of prayer carpets. The sheep are taken into streams to clean them before shearing. The wool is then picked by color and quality before combing, spinning, and dyeing.


Afghani weavers use both natural dyes and synthetic dyes for the coloring the hand knotted rugs. Sometimes, the natural dye is combined with synthetic colors.

In natural dyeing, the yarn is transferred in a solution of alum, copper sulfate or tin. The yarn is then soaked into dye tubs until the desired color is obtained. Afterward, the yarn is then washed and hung out to dry. Natural dye on the rugs often fades tastefully. Sometimes, there may be an uneven coloring that is due to the shortage of wool or the use of similar color by an artisan. Naturally dyed wool is more likely to fade than its synthetic colored counterpart. However, it is normal. It makes the rug more beautiful.

Shapes, Size, and Colors:

Afghan rugs are available in the variety of sizes based on the category and type of the rugs. Certain sizes are more common in some rugs than others. For example, the most common size in Afghan Baluchi rugs is 3x5 or 4x6. Bukhara rugs are generally available in 8x10 and 6x9. The rugs come in common shapes like square, round, octagonal and rectangular.

Coming to the colors, Afghan hand-knotted rugs are found in a diverse color combination that is also available in most Persian rugs. The process of spinning the yarn and the availability of dyes in Afghanistan make the rugs distinct from the rugs of other countries.

Why Choose Us for Afghan Tribal Rugs

Straight from the Artists:

We work closely with the Afghani artists and tribes and share ideas on the latest designs. The rugs are directly shipped to us by our contractors in Afghanistan.

100% Handmade:

All Afghani tribal rugs are handmade using high-quality fibers and dyes. They are made by the families being in this profession for generations. 

A Simple Return Policy:

Our all products are backed by simple money-back guarantee and No Questions Asked Return Policy.

Safe Online Shopping Experience:

Shopping on our website is safe and secure. When you provide us with any personal information including your address, email and credit card number, it is processed over a secure connection on our servers. All the information is encrypted as we use SSL.

QALEEN - Your One Stop Destination for Beautiful Afghan Tribal Rugs

QALEEN brings you beautiful and hands knotted rugs across the world. If you are fond of Afghan rugs, we are the right place to shop at. This is because we have the rugs in all colors, sizes, styles, shapes, patterns, and materials. And that's too available at reasonable prices. Start shopping now!