Rug weaving is an age-old art that has been practiced by tribesmen and nomads since centuries.
The land of Caucsus was once home to more than 50 ethnic groups. Hence the Caucasian rugs are increasingly diverse, filled with traditional symbols, and comprisng of the finest quality materials.
Want to learn more about these enchanting artifacts?
In this article we’re going to tell you all about the history and origin of Caucasian rugs, their different types, colors, design patterns, and more.
The History of Caucasian Rugs
The land of Caucasus has offered refuge to nomadic people since centuries. Although a hostile landscape with mountains that exceed the Himalayas in their grandiose, the Caucasus was once inhibited by around 350 tribes with people who spoke up to 150 different languages.
In this hostile environment that was friend to none, the existence of Caucasian tribespeople depended largely on their understating of the forces of nature. These people developed an ability to create an innovative lifestyle that was simple, unique, yet practical.
It was in this harsh landscape that the Caucasian tribesmen learnt to find strength through the natural resources available at hand. Among which, wool turned out to be highly useful.
The only two environments known to the Caucasian nomads were: the meadows on high mountains where they brought their sheep to graze during the summers, and the valleys where they spent their winters.
In the early days, the people of the Caucasus lived in either small tents, or a “kosh”, a small dimly lit sod hut that was dug out of a hillside.
Comfort and beauty were the two major components a nomad added to his home. And these two purposes were fulfilled often by antique Caucasian carpets.
Since the Caucasus lies at the very heart of the rug weavers’ land, these rugs are inspired by many different weaving techniques, patterns, and designs. The carpets, similar to most other tribal rugs, were fist crafted by nomads for domestic purposes. It was due toe the fact that the Caucasus had a proximity to the Silk Route that the rugs became famous for their beauty.
Today, you can find antique Caucasian rugs for sale online and in markets around the globe!
Popular Types of Caucasian Rugs
The term Caucasian rugs envelops all the carpets crafted by weavers inhibiting the Caucasus region. Since approximately 350 different tribes were living in the region, there are numerous types of Caucasian rugs. All featuring unique design patterns and filled with traditional motifs.
Here’s the list of Caucasian rugs types:
- Kazak Rugs
Antique Kazak rugs are a highly sought-after type of Caucasian carpets that feature bold hues and geometric traditional patterns. Common colors include classical red, hues of blue, green, and beige.
Often times a Kazak rug comes with a central medallion surrounded by a similar geometric border.
In the early times, the Kazak rugs crafted in the Caucasus were commonly made of local sheep wool. In some cases, goat and camel hair were also added to the rug in order to make it more exquisite.
- Karabagh Rugs
Woven by tribesmen in the Southern region of Caucasus mountains, the Karabagh rugs are filled with a mixture of both geometric and floral design patterns. The Turkish knot technique is employed in their making that further adds to the value of these floorcoverings.
- Derbend Rugs
As the name suggests, these Caucasian handmade carpets are made in the port of Derbent. You can find these rugs to be filled with geometric flower patterns that are unique and enticingly captivating.
- Gendje Rugs
In comparison to other rugs crafted in the Caucasus, the Gendje rugs feature more pale hues in lighter shades of red, blue, and yellow. Most commonly, this type of Caucasian carpets are crafted in a runner rugs’ size. The rugs are available in a wide variety of design patterns that include long colorful stripes, crosses, and stylized geometric flowers.
- Daghestan Rugs
Similar in style to the Derbend rugs, these rugs are woven in the tribes located in the northeastern part of the Caucasus mountains. Prayer rug designs are common in a collection of Dageshtan rugs. the field is typically in the shades of ivory, while the rug is covered with diamond-shaped motifs and mihrabs.
- Chi Chi Rugs
Crafted by the nomads of a Caucasian tribe named Tchechen, the Chi Chi rugs are extremely rare. Common colors include red and blue, while the rugs are made using the ancient Turkish knot weaving technique.
- Baku rugs
As the name suggests, these rugs were crafted by the inhabitants of the city of Baku. Their pattern is quite distinct from that of other Caucasian rugs. Baku rugs future rectilinear pear motifs. Common colors include ivory, blue, cream, and shades of yellow. Again, the Turkish knot weaving technique is employed by the weavers of these rugs.
- Akstafa Rugs
Similar to most other Caucasian rugs, the Akstafa rugs are also woven with the Turkish knot weaving technique. They are easy to recognize owing to the geometric peacock motif.
Antique and Vintage Caucasian Rugs in Modern Décor
You can place a vintage Caucasian rug in your living room, entrance hall, dining area, or in a master bedroom to uplift the space. The carpet is sure to create a focal point wherever you may place it.
Moreover, adding a Caucasian rug to your place is an easy and quick way of making it appear more welcoming, comfy, and lively.
How to decorate your home with a handmade Caucasian rug?
Simply get your hands on a Caucasian rug with colors and design patterns that would easily blend in well with your existing interior décor.
Next up, measure the dimensions of your room and look for the right size of rug.
Lastly, if you’re not into experimentation and want to create a décor look that would last for years, place your Caucasian rug in the center of the room.
Remember that all the major furniture items should be sitting on top of the rug.
So, go get your ideal Caucasian rug now!